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There are several ways to create a new file in Photoshop. The first way is to create a file using the clipboard.
In the dialog box, Photoshop offers ways to create a file, and the "Clipboard" comes first. All are correctly set at once parameters,
namely size, resolution, color palette.
The second way to create a file is a custom file, i.e. a file created with our parameters/settings. In the right in the dialog box
panel, we set the file parameters: these are the dimensions (width and height) of the "Canvas", you can set in any units of measurement
(I'll make a reservation right away that it's convenient to use the metric system for printing – it's mm or cm, and it's convenient to
use pixels for the WEB);
Подробности читайте в большой статье, посвящённой одному из «китов» современной полиграфии – растрированию. Из статьи Вы подробно узнаете: о понятии линиатура (частота растра); о связи частоты растра и разрешения; о зависимости частоты растра от печатной машины и типа бумаги…
But the most interesting thing is not that you can create a file with the necessary parameters, but that the settings we often use can be
save them as a template and use them in subsequent work.
Custom templates are placed on the "Saved" tab. As you can see, to delete the template, you need to click on the "trash" icon.
If only one parameter changes in your work, then you should not start a bunch of templates. I'll explain. Let's say I'm working with I have the same printing quality files, Resolution and color palette, but only the format (file size) changes. In this case, I will use one A4 template, recently created, and just quickly change the dimensions in it – it will still be faster, than to look for a template with the right sizes, if I have 20 pieces of them.
The "Recent" tab displays the history of the files we create, again, if our work is cyclical, it is convenient to get templates from here.
Let's create a file from our template. The new file always has a standard "Background" layer, which has an opaque fill.
But Photoshop does not lag behind other manufacturers and keeps up with the times, so here, as in other programs, I mean not only Adobe products, "Artboard" appeared. I see surprise and dislike on the part of printers-before printers, but do not rush to judge, let's see what they are needed for and how to work with them.
Let's create "Artboard" via the context menu. In the name "Artboard" it is immediately convenient to describe its dimensions. Why this is necessary will be clear in the future.
The size of the Artboard can be adjusted with the mouse, and the size values are displayed in the Info panel. The size is specified in
the units of measurement that we have set in the Settings. Let's fix them. Menu: Edit→Settings→Units and Rulers… Or hotkeys [Ctrl +K].
So, we change the Ruler parameter to "pixels".
Back to the process of editing the size of the Artboard. Now our hint is also in the Info panel The size of the Artboard
is displayed in pixels.
The number of Artboards is limited by the physical limits of the Arttable on which they are located. Portable is very large and much larger than in Illustrator, but these limits exist and they can be reached. However, in real tasks, I have never run into the limits of Photoshop.
Let's create another Artboard and name it according to the same principle, i.e. we will specify the size of the area in the name.
The ideology of Artboards Photoshop is some structures that exist above groups. In other words, it is entities with the highest status.
Another way to create an Artboard is to create using a tool. That's what the tool is called "Artboard" is hidden on the top shelf, under the "Move" tool. The tool allows you to draw Artboards of arbitrary sizes. By clicking on the "+" you can quickly multiply Artboards.
In the Properties panel, you can edit some of the Artboard parameters, for example, such as: Change the template; Background color; as well as the Width and X-axis offset.
I have prepared a file in which a real example shows how to use Artboards in practice. The essence of this the trick is that
when it is necessary to create a banner design of different sizes for a Site, we do not create a bunch of separate files with different
sizes, and we create one file with several Artboards.
Photoshop lessons from a professional polygraphist is a practical course for those who want to master Photoshop and/or hone their skills in it. We will tell and show Photoshop from the basics to the most difficult practical techniques. Let's explain the basic concepts of raster graphics and printing qualities. Techniques for working with objects, with color, design chips, animation, RAW and many others. We will work out and fix hotkeys, keys other methods of fast and high-quality work, i.e. professional skills. Welcome to the Channel…
Let's take a concrete example. I have a website with different advertising areas, with different sizes of advertising modules.
I created Artboards for these sizes.
In Artboard, as in a regular file, you can work with individual layers, or link layers for ease of moving around several necessary objects. And you can also combine layers into groups. All hierarchies created in Artboard also continue exist outside of the Artboard on the Art table, as well as in another Artboard.
The "Move" tool with Artboard works the same way as in a regular file, all modes are fully supported, including the "Auto-selection" of the layer.
But the most delicious thing about technology for creating WEB banners is Fast export. Quick Export Options they are
configured in (Menu: Edit→Settings→Export), or via the hotkey [Ctrl + K].
And so, jpg or PNG is suitable for our example. The optimal JPG, but for example I use PNG.
Through the context Menu, it is possible to use not all Artboards for "Quick export", but only selected ones. To select, use the "Move" tool. If there are no dedicated Artboards, then "Quick Export" via The context menu does not work. But it will work through the menu (Menu: File→Export→Quick export to ...). In this in case the export applies to all Artboards.
In the dialog box, select the location of the export files, according to the settings made earlier. And here it is a trick! We immediately we get the right number of files (according to the number of Artboards) in the right format and, most importantly, with the right name. Please note that the files are named after Artboards. And the trump card up our sleeve has now played to our advantage.
You can watch the video version of the lesson on our YouTube channel. Don't forget to subscribe, like and wait for the release of the next series.
You can download working files with layers in PSD format by following the link.
Статья опубликована: "12" декабря 2021 г.
Количество просмотров: 1733
Используемые полиграфические термины/ Разрешение / Разрешение изображения для полиграфии / Растрирование / Растрирование векторных объектов / Геометрия полосы /